Chronological Table
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Chronological Table

209BC,or 1415 before Chingis Khan, the Hun state (Hsiung-nu) established in Mongolia. The Huns are considered the builders of the first state in Central Asia.

204BC: The building of Great Wall finished during the Chin dynasty, which would help to keep out Mongols out of China

1167: (1162 or 1167; dates vary wildly) Chingis Khan was born into the Borjigin clan at the camp in Deliun Boldag on the bank of the Onon river.

1176: Temujin becomes betrothed to Burte. The same year, his father, Yesughei Baatar was fatally poisoned by the Tatar tribe.

1182: Temujin was married with Burte.
He allied with Toghrul of Kereit.

1183: Burte abducted by the Merkit tribe, and this led to a military campaign against Merkits.

1185: Temujin was elected Khan of his clan Borjigin.

1187: Temujin was defeated in the battle of Dalan Balzhut.

1196: Temujin attacks and defeats the Tatar tribe.

1197: Toghrul was given the title Wan Khan.

1201: Temujin falls out with his friend Jamukha because of rivalry. Jamukha is elected by his followers and given the title Gur Khan.

1202: Temujin breaks with Wan Khan.
Temujin attacks the Tatars a second time and decisively defeats the Tatars.

1203: Temujin defeats Wan Khan, the Kereits.

1204: Temujinís army victory over Naiman.

1205: Jamukha was betrayed by his followers and is led to Temujin and executed.

1206: Temujin united all Mongol nations and established Mongol Empire. He became Chingis Khan, the ruler of all men.

1207: Attack on the Tangut Empire of northern China

1211: Further attacks on Tangut. Expedition against the Chin Empire, whose capital was Beijing..

1214: Siege of Beijing begins.

1215: Capture and sack of Beijing.

1218: Khara Kotai brought to submission by Jebe.

1218: Shah Mohammed of Khwarezm, which was an empire encompassing Afghanistan, Persia, and Turkestan, killed Mongol merchants sent by Chingis Khan. War was declared.

1220: Fall of Bukhara and Samarkand.

1221: Jebe and Subeedei set out on their march around the Caspian Sea and Russia. Chingis Khan crosses the Hindu Kush and defeats Jelal al Din on the banks of the Indus River.

1223: Jebe and Subeedei storm cities in Crimea and south Russia.

1226: Further expedition the Tangut.

1227: Chingis Khan died during the campaign against Tangut.

1228: Ogodai elected Great Khan.

1236: Korea was reoccupied after a rebellion.

1237: Batu Khan, the Chingis Khanís grandson extends his conquests in Russia.

1240: The Secret History of Mongols was written.
Fall of Kiev, the largest city in Russia. Establishment of Golden Horde in Russia.

1241: Batu Khan, and Subeedei invade Poland, Hungary and Germany. Mongols crossed Danube. Death of Ogodai.

1242: The Mongols under Batu and Subeedei complete conquest of Hungary and advance into Dalmatia, Croatia and Austria. Advance forces reach Korneuburgand Wiener Neudstadt, thirty miles south of Vienna.
Learning of the death of Ogodai, Batu Khan discontinues the campaign against West Europe and Byzantium. Western Europe was saved by the death of Ogodai Khan.

1246: Subeedei, Chingis Khanís greatest general died at the age of 70.

1246: Guyuk, son of Ogodai Khan, was elected as Great Khan.

1248: Guyuk died.

1251: Mongkhe, son of Tului, elected as Great Khan.

1255: Batu, the first Khan of the Golden Horde, died.

1256: Hulegu, grandson of Chingis Khan, overcomes the Persian Ismaili.

1258: Baghdad is taken by Hulegu.

1259: Mongkhe Khan died, and he was to be the last Great Khan of Mongol Empire who resided in Mongolia.

1260: Khubilai is about to win the quest for Mongol hegemony and thereby moved the Mongolian capital from Karakorum in Mongolia to Beijing in China.

1260: On September 3th, a weak Mongol force is defeated by the Mamelukes in the battle of Ayn Jalut.

1264: Khubilai finally defeated his brother Arig Bukhe, his rival of the throne for the Great Khan.

1274: Khubilai sends a fleet of 150 boats against Japan, but is beaten back.

1281: Khubilai sends another, larger expedition with more than 160 000 warriors to Japan, but storms destroyed Khubilai Khanís navy.

1279: The Sung was conclusively subjugated, and the whole of China is won and the Mongol Yuan dynasty, lasting until 1368, was established.

1368: The last Mongol emperor of the Mongol Yuan dynasty of China, Toghan Timur
(Timurlame), is driven out of China.

1394: Timurlame conquered Iran, Mesopotamia, Armenia, and Georgia.

1401: Timurlame took Syria from Mamelukes.

1402: Timurlame defeated the Ottoman sultan Bayazid 1.

1405: Timurlame died near Shymkent (Kazakhstan) while leading an expedition against China, and was buried in Samarkand, his capital city. His mausoleum, the Gur-e-Amir, is one of the Samarkandís great architectural monuments.

1526: One of Timurlameís descendants, Babur, founded the Mogul dynasty of India.

1648: One of the wonders of the world, Taj Mahal was completed.

By Tom Boroo

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